Elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions in physics

Posted by / 24-Jun-2017 00:35

Elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions in physics

It is virtually impossible to find a scientific article about theoretical high-energy physics without the name ’t Hooft being included, as many of the key concepts are named after him, for example, ’t Hooft monopoles, ’t Hooft operators and the ’t Hooft limit.

Many of his ideas form the basis of modern physics concepts such as the renormalisation of quantum field theories and the holographic principle.” Charlotte Fløe Kristjansen explains that Gerard ’t Hooft is a good friend of the Niels Bohr Institute, which he has visited numerous times and held lectures and seminars, and despite his international fame and numerous awards and honours, he can always find time to attend events at the Niels Bohr Institute.

The Nobel committee announced on October 6, 2015 that Takaaki Kajita of the University of Tokyo and Arthur B.

Mc Donald of Queen's University in Canada won the Nobel Prize in Physics for discovering that the elusive subatomic particles known as neutrinos have mass.

“in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel” Marie Curie, née Sklodowska France. “in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel” Enrico Fermi Italy. “for his demonstrations of the existence of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation, and for his related discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons” Percy Williams Bridgman USA. “for the invention of an apparatus to produce extremely high pressures, and for the discoveries he made therewith in the field of high pressure physics” Patrick Maynard Stuart Lord Blackett UK. “for his development of the Wilson cloud chamber method, and his discoveries therewith in the fields of nuclear physics and cosmic radiation” Eugene Paul Jeno Wigner USA. “for his contributions to the theory of the atomic nucleus and the elementary particles, particularly through the discovery and application of fundamental symmetry principles” Charles Hard Townes USA. “for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle” Nicolay Gennadiyevich Basov Russia. “for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle” Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov Russia. “for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle” Luis Walter Alvarez USA. “for his decisive contributions to elementary particle physics, in particular the discovery of a large number of resonance states, made possible through his development of the technique of using hydrogen bubble chamber and data analysis” Louis Eugène Félix Néel France. “for fundamental work and discoveries concerning antiferromagnetism and ferrimagnetism which have led to important applications in solid state physics” Brian David Josephson UK. “for his theoretical predictions of the properties of a supercurrent through a tunnel barrier, in particular those phenomena which are generally known as the Josephson effects” Antony Hewish UK. “for their pioneering research in radio astrophysics: Ryle for his observations and inventions, in particular of the aperture synthesis technique, and Hewish for his decisive role in the discovery of pulsars” Sir Martin Ryle UK. “for their pioneering research in radio astrophysics: Ryle for his observations and inventions, in particular of the aperture synthesis technique, and Hewish for his decisive role in the discovery of pulsars” Ben Roy Mottelson Denmark.

“Gerard ’t Hooft’s Ph D dissertation led to a breakthrough in the understanding of Yang-Mills theories through the invention of a procedure known as renormalisation and for this work he received the 1999 Nobel Prize in Physics for elucidating “the quantum structure of the electroweak interactions in physics,” explains Charlotte Fløe Kristjansen about Gerard ’t Hooft, who is now receiving the Niels Bohr Institute Medal of Honour.Tamm shared the prize with Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov and Ilya Mikhailovich Frank.Gerardus (Gerard) 't Hooft (Dutch: [ˌɣɪːrɑrt ət ˈɦoːft]; born July 5, 1946) is a Dutch theoretical physicist and professor at Utrecht University, the Netherlands.“Gerard ’t Hooft is one of the world’s greatest living physicists,” explains Charlotte Fløe Kristjansen, Professor of Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology at the Niels Bohr Institute.“He is a great thinker and his work has had an extraordinary influence on physics.

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Chris Mc Grath/Getty Images STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN - DECEMBER 10: Professor Isamu Akasaki, Professor Hiroshi Amano and Professor Shuji Nakamura, laureates of the Nobel Prize in Physics seen on stage at the Nobel Prize Awards Ceremony at Concert Hall on December 10, 2014 in Stockholm, Sweden.